Wildflowers of Washington's Olympic Mountains

Mark S. Garland

Presentation for the Bowman's Hill Wildflower Preserve, 2/21/21


List of flowers in the presentation, in order:


Polygonaceae (Buckwheat)

Bistort, Polygonum bistortoides

Cushion eriogonum, Eriogonum ovalifolium


Ranunculaceae (Buttercup)

Rockslide larkspur, Delphinium glareosum

Sitka columbine, Aquilegia formosa

Subalpine buttercup, Ranunculus eschscholtzii

Western Pasqueflower, Anemone occidentalis


Brassicaceae (Mustard)

Western wallflower, Erysimum arenicola


Crassulaceae (Stonecrop)

Broad-leaved sedum, Sedum oreganum


Saxifragaceae (Saxifrage)

Spotted saxifrage, Saxifrage bronchialis

Alpine saxifrage, Saxifraga tolmiei

Tufted saxifrage, Saxifraga cespitosa

Alumroot, Elmera racemosa


Rosaceae (Rose)

Dwarf bramble, Rubus lasiococcus

Partridgefoot, Luetkea pectinata

Bush cinquefoil, Potentilla fruticosa

Pink plumes, Geum triflorum

Olympic rockmat, Petrophytum hendersonii (endemic)


Fabaceae (Pea)

Subalpine Lupine, Lupinus latifolius

Lyall's lupine, Lupinus lyallii

Western sweetvetch, Hedysarum occidentale

Yellow mountain crazyweed, Oxytropis campestris

Cotton's milkvetch, Astragalus cottonii (endemic)


Violaceae (Violet)

Flett's violet, Viola flettii (endemic)


Onagraceae (Evening primrose)

Fireweed, Epilobium angustifolium

Alpine willow-herb, Epilobium alpinum


Apiaceae (Parsley)

Cow parsnip, Heracleum lanatum

Biscuit-root, Lomatium martindalei


Ericaceae (Heath)

Red mountain-heather, Phyllodoce empetriformis


Primulaceae (Primrose)

Sooth douglasia, Douglasia laevigata

Jeffrey's shooting star, Dodecatheon jeffreyi


Gentianaceae (Gentian)

Mountain bog gentian, Gentiana calycosa


Polemoniaceae (Phlox)

Spreading phlox, Phlox diffusa

Jacob's ladder, Polemonium pulcherrimum


Hydrophyllaceae (Waterleaf)

Silky phacelia, Phacelia sericea


Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)

Sickletop lousewort, Pedicularis recemosa

Elephant-heads, Pedicularis groenlandica

Hairy paintbrush, Castilleja hispida

Scarlet paintbrush, Castilleja miniata

Magenta paintbrush, Castilleja parviflora

Small-flowered penstemon, Penstemon procerus

Davidson's penstemon, Penstemon davidsonii

Cusick's speedwell, Veronica cusickii

Lewis's monkeyflower, Mimulus lewisii


Lentibulariaceae (Bladderwort)

Butterwort, Pinguicula vulgaris


Valerianaceae (Valerian)

Sitka valerian, Valeriana sitchensis


Campanulaceae (Harebell)

Harebell, Campanula rotundifolia

Piper's bellflower, Campanula piperi (endemic)


Asteraceae (Aster)

Cutleaf fleabane, Erigeron compositus

Indian thistle, Cirsium edule

Broadleaf arnica, Arnica latifolia

Alpine aster, Aster alpigenus

Alpine goldenrod, Solidago multiradiata

Pale agoseris, Agoseris glauca

Webster's senecio, Senecio neowebsteri (endemic)


Liliaceae (Lily)

Columbia lily, Lilium columbianum

Claspleaf twisted-stalk, Streptopus amplexifolius

Scalloped onion, Allium crenulatum

Glacier lily, Erythronium grandiflorum

Avalanche lily, Erythronium montanum


Orchidaceae (Orchid)

Slender bog orchid, Platanthera stricta

White bog orchid, Platanthera dilatata


Pink plumes

Flett's violet

Broad-leaved sedum

Columbia lily

Avalanche lily